how long can you live with a ruptured spleen

A damaged or ruptured spleen. The spleen is a small, fist-size organ located next to your stomach on the upper left side of your abdomen.


To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. In a trauma patient with an injury to the abdomen, the most common symptoms of a ruptured spleen are pain and tenderness of the abdomen, particularly on the left upper quadrant.

The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Even if surgery is not required, there are possible complications with this injury and treatments that can include delayed bleeding, cyst formation or even death of the spleen tissue. Updated October 1, 2019. Wu M, Kao W, Chan C, Yiang G, Liao W, Chen C. Spontaneous Splenic Rupture as a Rare Initial Presentation in an Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Patient.

You can live without a spleen, though it does h ... Read More Eko FE, Fouelifack FY, de Paul EV. The spleen is a very vascular organ and, though well protected by the rib cage, is susceptible to blunt trauma. You can live without a spleen if you had surgery to remove it.

Removing the spleen (splenectomy). Close monitoring, bed rest, and blood pressure control are used to give the spleen time to heal. All of the circulation of blood and lymph through the spleen makes it a prime candidate for bleeding if injured.

An enlarged spleen can be caused by various underlying problems, such as mononucleosis and other infections, liver disease, and blood cancers. Blunt force trauma can result in a ruptured spleen which is life-threatening and requires emergency medical attention. Most ruptured spleens are due to trauma, in which case most of the time they are surgically removed. We will also learn about treatment and recovery from this injury.

The full function of the spleen is still under debate, but we do know it plays a major role in the immune system. UpToDate. Bleeding is the main complication of a ruptured spleen and delayed bleeding, cyst formation, or spleen death can occur. A forceful blow to your abdomen — during a sporting mishap, a fistfight or a car crash, for example — is the usual cause of a ruptured spleen.

All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. It may be tender when you touch the area.
Anyone can earn Michael Menna, DO, is board-certified in emergency medicine.

2014;19:324. Risk of sepsis is highest in young children, especially the first two years after the spleen has been removed. As blood enters the abdominal cavity, it can lead to a symptom known as referred pain. This can be a sign of a damaged, ruptured or enlarged spleen.

Published 2014 Nov 26. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen operated in gynecological unit mistaken for ruptured hemorrhagic ovarian cyst: total splenectomy.

Immediate medical attention is needed for a ruptured spleen.

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If left untreated, bleeding from a ruptured spleen can very quickly lead to hypovolemia (when plasma portion of the blood is too low) and shock (a medical condition that decreases blood flow to the brain).. The spleen is an organ about the size of a fist, located in the left upper abdomen, near the stomach.

By using our website, you consent to our use of cookies. Without emergency treatment, the internal bleeding caused by a ruptured spleen can be life-threatening. You can live without a spleen, though it does h ... Read More We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. How Do You Know If You Have a Broken Rib? In rare cases, a ruptured spleen can occur spontaneously without trauma. Hassan R, Abd aziz A, Md ralib AR, Saat A. Computed tomography of blunt spleen injury: a pictorial review. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Recovery can take three to six months until you can resume all previous activity without risk. In the case of a ruptured spleen, the most common referred pain is felt in the left shoulder or left side of the chest wall. The spleen can become inflamed and enlarged from infection, cancer, or other diseases.

Depending on the severity of the ruptured spleen and how stable the blood pressure is, the patient may have to have surgery. The surgeon will focus on repairing the spleen if possible, however part or all of the spleen may have to be removed (called a splenectomy). The most common cause of a ruptured spleen is blunt trauma to the abdomen, such as that experienced in a car crash or a fall from a significant height.

Severe blood loss, which can lead to shock.

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